Wednesday, April 17, 2024

Can Herpes Cause Back Pain

Asymptomatic Shedding Of Herpes Virus

Herpes Zoster, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Intermittent shedding of HSV from genital skin may occur without symptoms or with unrecognised minor symptoms. The frequency of asymptomatic shedding is more common in those with type 2 genital herpes and in those who have been infected recently. Shedding is most likely to occur in the week before or after a recurrence.

The amount shed from active lesions is much greater than between episodes. This is when the infection is most likely to be passed on, and sexual contact should, therefore, be avoided. One study of couples who avoided sexual contact during recurrences found that, over 12 months, only 1 out of 10 passed the virus on to their partner. In that study, condoms were not used. Using condoms may reduce the risk of infection even further.

What Is Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex is one of the most frequent infections of mankind throughout the world. There are two main types of herpes simplex virus type 1, which is mainly associated with facial infections and type 2, which is mainly genital, although there is considerable overlap.

Both type 1 and type 2 herpes simplex viruses reside in a latent state in the nerves that supply sensation to the skin. With each episode of herpes simplex, the virus grows down the nerves and out into the skin or mucous membranes where it multiplies, causing the clinical lesion. After each episode, it âdies backâ up the nerve fibre and enters the resting state again.

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You Can Only Get Genital Herpes If Your Partner Has An Active Infection With Sores Right Wrong

A person can be exposed to the virus and pass it to someone else without ever having symptoms. It happens more often than youd think. Thats because the virus can exist in genital fluids even without any ulcers. This is called “asymptomatic shedding of virus.” Although there is a lot more active virus when there are sores, asymptomatic shedding is probably how most people get herpes. Whats more, only one out of four people who tests positive for genital herpes actually knows that they have the virus. Thats a lot of people. Combine the two and you have many people unknowingly infecting others.

Many people who learn they have genital herpes are shocked. They often didnt see any sores on their partner or that their partner had never had any ulcers, ever. This is common and true, because people can have genital herpes and not know it.

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Blisters Inside The Urethra

The urethra is the tube that connects the urinary bladder to the genitals. In both men and women with herpes type-2, painful sores can form on the inner lining of this tube. When urinating, a person may feel a burning or razor blade sensation when urine passes over these sores. Unlike genital or mouth sores, the doctor may need to conduct tests to confirm a herpes infection when the urethra is affected.

What Can I Do If I Have Herpes

How to Manage the Pain of Postherpetic Neuralgia

Many people who find out they have herpes feel depressed knowing they will always have the virus and can give it to others. But you are not alone. Herpes is one of the most common STIs, both in the US and worldwide. Exact numbers of people affected are not known. This is because many people dont realize they have it, especially if symptoms are minor and are not bothersome. If you have herpes, you should:

  • Learn all you can about it. Information will help you to manage your disease and feel better about yourself.
  • Talk about your illness with your doctor.

If you have herpes, you can still:

  • Have sex if you use a condom , and you tell your partner about your illness. Some couples, who have sexual relations only with each other, may choose not to use condoms even though one partner has herpes. Because each situation is different, you should talk to your doctor if this is a right choice for you in your relationship.
  • Have children. Women with herpes can still give birth to healthy babies. If you have herpes and plan to have children, discuss your illness with your health care provider.

If you have herpes, you should also get checked for HIV and other STIs .

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Herpes Simplex And Pregnancy

In women who already have genital herpes before becoming pregnant, most can experience a safe pregnancy and vaginal delivery. There is only a minimal risk of the baby being affected. It is important that the diagnosis is discussed with the lead maternity carer so that consideration can be given to Caesarean section if there are lesions present during labour.

The highest risk to the baby is when the first episode of genital herpes occurs in the first few weeks of the pregnancy or in the last few weeks before delivery. These situations should be discussed with a specialist. Genital herpes does not affect fertility.

Syphilis: A Greater Health Threat Than Herpes

Syphilis and genital herpes are both STDs that can cause sores in the genital area. Like oral herpes, syphilis can also cause mouth sores, which often clear without treatment. But despite these similarities in symptoms, the two diseases differ in their causes syphilis is caused by a bacteria and herpes by a virus and the health risks they pose.

For most people the exceptions being infants and people who have weakened immune systems or who are chronically ill herpes is more of an annoyance than a dangerous disease. But untreated syphilis can lead to severe complications, including bone, joint, liver, heart, and brain damage.

There are four stages of syphilis, according to the CDC, each with different signs and symptoms. In the primary stage, a painless sore or sores develop where the bacteria first entered the skin or mucous membrane. In the secondary stage, you may develop a skin rash, swollen lymph nodes, fever, and other flu-like symptoms. In the latent stage of syphilis, there are no signs or symptoms, and in the tertiary stage, the bacterial infection can damage the heart, brain, and other organs of the body.

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How Can I Prevent Genital Herpes

If youre sexually active, you can take these steps to protect yourself and others from herpes virus and other STIs:

  • Be monogamous with one sexual partner or limit your number of partners.
  • Get tested for STIs and complete any needed treatment.
  • Tell your sexual partners if you have genital herpes so they can get tested.
  • Use condoms, including dental dams during oral sex.
  • Wash your hands often if you have an outbreak or are around someone with symptoms.

If your sexual partner has genital herpes, these actions can lower your risk of getting the virus:

  • Dont have sex when your partner has active symptoms.
  • Make sure your partner takes antiviral medication as prescribed.
  • Wait to have sex until scabs fall off.

Diagnosis And Treatment Process

Shingles: Pathophysiology, Symptoms, 3 stages of Infection, Complications, Management, Animation.

After 3 days of admission, we examined the body for 3 times successively, and herpes-like skin lesions on the right hip and right calf were found gradually, and local skin was of tenderness . After consultation with a dermatologist, the diagnosis was amended as sciatic herpes zoster in the right lower extremity. Oral administration of famciclovir was recommended and then to observe changes of the symptoms. After 3 days of treatment, the pain in the right lower extremity was of obvious relief, and VAS score was down to 2 points. Physical examination showed that the right lower extremity rash is partially scarred , and the extent of inflammation was subsided significantly. After the treatment, the patients were followed up for one and three months: the pain in the right lower extremity was totally relieved, VAS score was 0, and the rash in the right lower extremity was completely subsided.

Figure 4. 3 days after admission, the patient was found to have herpes simplex lesions on the lateral right hip and right calf. The lesion of the right lower extremity was slightly relieved after taking famciclovir for 3 days.

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How Do I Know If I Tore My Meniscus

If your meniscus has been broken, you can experience the following signs and symptoms in your knee:

  • There is a popping sound.
  • Swelling or stiffness is a common symptom.
  • Pain in your knee, particularly when twisting or turning it.
  • Youre having trouble completely straightening your leg.
  • When you try to lift your leg, it feels like its stuck in place.
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    Who Is At Risk For Developing Herpes Simplex Infections

    Anyone can contract HSV, regardless of age. If youre exposed to HSV, youre likely to contract the virus.

    Remember, HSV is very common. But because its often asymptomatic, plenty of people living with the virus never have an episode or realize theyve contracted HSV.

    You may have a higher chance of contracting the virus if you:

    • have a sexual partner who lives with HSV
    • were assigned female at birth . suggests more AFAB folks than people assigned male at birth develop HSV, but this could also mean AFAB folks are more likely to experience symptoms.
    • are immunocompromised

    Some older research suggests HSV-1 antibodies may offer AFAB folks some protection against contracting HSV-2. Still, many people living with one type of the virus do contract the other type later on. You wont contract the same type of the virus again, though, since it remains dormant in your body once you acquire it.

    You may have a slightly higher chance of contracting genital HSV if you have sex without using condoms or other barrier methods. Keep in mind, though, that condoms and other barrier methods wont always cover the infection site, since sores can appear on the buttocks or inner thighs.

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    What Causes Herpes Simplex

    HSV is a contagious virus that can be transmitted through direct contact with sores.

    That said, since the virus also sheds on a small percentage of days, its possible to transmit or contract HSV even when symptoms arent present. In fact, many people contract HSV from people who dont know they have the virus.

    Frequently Asked Questionsexpand All

    Herpes Zoster: Clinical Presentation and Treatment

    People with HSV-2 infection have an increased risk of getting human immunodeficiency virus if they have sex with an HIV-infected partner. Taking suppressive therapy does not decrease this risk.

  • How can the herpes virus affect pregnancy?

    If a woman is pregnant and infected with HSV, it can be passed to the fetus during birth while passing through the womans infected birth canal. This is most likely to occur if a woman first becomes infected with HSV during pregnancy and in a woman who has her first outbreak late in pregnancy. But it also can occur during a recurrent outbreak in a woman who was infected before pregnancy, although the risk is much lower.

    If you have sores or warning signs of an outbreak at the time of delivery, you may need to have a cesarean delivery to reduce chance of infection. The decision depends on many factors, including where the sores are on your body and whether the fetus would come into contact with them during delivery.

  • Can I still breastfeed my baby if I have the herpes virus?

    Yes, in most cases. The herpes virus cannot be passed to a baby through breast milk. However, the baby could get infected by touching a sore on your body. Make sure any sores that the baby could come into contact with are covered when you hold your baby or while breastfeeding. Wash your hands with soap and water before and after feeding your baby. If you have sores on your breast, you should not breastfeed your baby from that breast.

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    Persistent Nerve Pain As A Result Of Herpes

    Neuralgia is pain that occurs along the path of the nerves. Postherpetic Neuralgia is best known in relation to Shingles . Although it has been little studied in connection with genital Herpes infection, the incidence of this condition is much more common that is normally reported. This type of neuralgia is the result of the virus irritating the nerves and neural pathways. The symptoms are similar to Prodrome, including tingling, twitching, burning sensations, shooting pains, numbness, and/or aches in the area of infection, and also particularly in the buttocks, legs, and thighs.

    The pain can be intermittent, and in some people it can be chronic, lasting for weeks and months at a time. This kind of chronic HSV-PHN is considered to be rare, although anecdotal evidence suggests that it occurs much more frequently than has been documented. HSV can also cause a sciatica syndrome pain the sciatic nerve in the back of the thigh. Many women have found that PHN intensifies prior to menstruation.

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    Treatment If The Blisters Come Back

    Go to a GP or sexual health clinic if you have been diagnosed with genital herpes and need treatment for an outbreak.

    Antiviral medicine may help shorten an outbreak by 1 or 2 days if you start taking it as soon as symptoms appear.

    But outbreaks usually settle by themselves, so you may not need treatment.

    Recurrent outbreaks are usually milder than the first episode of genital herpes.

    Over time, outbreaks tend to happen less often and be less severe. Some people never have outbreaks.

    Some people who have more than 6 outbreaks in a year may benefit from taking antiviral medicine for 6 to 12 months.

    If you still have outbreaks of genital herpes during this time, you may be referred to a specialist.

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    Is Herpes Simplex Related To Herpes Zoster

    Herpes simplex and the varicella-zoster virus are related, but they arent the same. VZV causes chickenpox and shingles.

    Like HSV-1 and HSV-2, shingles can cause a painful, blistering rash. The shingles rash usually shows up on the back, side, abdomen , neck and face. It is often only on half of your body, following the pattern of your nerves. See your healthcare provider if you have a new rash and suspect you may have shingles.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Herpes simplex is a virus. Once you have herpes, its a lifelong condition. A herpes infection can lead to outbreaks , but youll also have times when you have no symptoms. The main sign of herpes is sores that appear on the infected skin. Some people choose not to treat herpes, especially if symptoms are mild. Others take antiviral medications to reduce the severity and frequency of outbreaks.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/17/2022.

    References

    What Causes Or Triggers A Recurrence

    Herpes (oral & genital) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

    You may not always be able to tell when youre having a herpes outbreak. However, some common early warning signs that signal an impending attack, can include tingling, itching, and pain. This can happen 1 or 2 days before blisters start to show.

    If you have HSV-2, you might have four or five outbreaks a year. How often outbreaks occur varies a lot from person to person. Outbreaks may also decrease over time.

    People with HSV-1 tend to have fewer outbreaks.

    In time, some people can pinpoint things that trigger an outbreak, such as:

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    How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Herpes Simplex

    Preventing HSV-1

    You can reduce your risk of contracting HSV-1 by avoiding physical contact with someone who has a cold sore. People can still spread HSV-1 when cold sores arent present, but its less likely.

    If someone has an active HSV-1 infection, avoid:

    • Sharing utensils, cups, lip balms or other personal care products.
    • Touching the skin near their mouth.

    Preventing HSV-2

    If youre sexually active, you can take these steps to protect yourself and others from the herpes virus and other STIs:

    • Be monogamous with one sexual partner or limit your number of partners.
    • Get tested for STIs and complete any prescribed treatment.
    • Tell your sexual partners if you have genital herpes so they can get tested.
    • Use condoms during intercourse and dental dams during oral sex.

    Wash your hands often if you have an outbreak or are around someone with symptoms.

    If your sexual partner has genital herpes, these actions can lower your risk of getting the virus:

    • Dont have sex when your partner has active symptoms. Condoms may not cover all sores, so you may still get the virus.
    • Make sure your partner takes antiviral medication as prescribed.
    • Wait to have sex until scabs fall off active lesions.

    When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider

    Treating herpes meningoencephalitis as soon as possible is essential. If youre feeling neck stiffness, having any neurological problems , are sensitive to light, or are running a fever along with a bad headache, call your healthcare provider and have the problem treated promptly.

    If you have already been diagnosed with herpes meningoencephalitis and are being treated, itâs very important to let your healthcare providers know if any of your symptoms get worse or if you develop any new symptoms, as these could be signs that the infection is getting worse despite treatment.

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    When To Seek Care

    Home remedies may be enough to help you get through an outbreak before it heals and goes away.

    But seek immediate medical attention if herpes symptoms are disruptive to your daily life or if youre experiencing any of the following symptoms:

    • Sores or blisters dont go away on their own after 2 weeks or get worse over time.
    • Pain or discomfort becomes severe and distracting, even with home treatment.
    • You have severe symptoms like a fever that dont get any better for more than a week.
    • You have severe pain or discomfort when you urinate or have a bowel movement.
    • You feel any hardness or lumps under the skin around the infected area or in your genital area.
    • You have trouble passing urine or stool or cant do either without severe pain or obstruction.

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