Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Where To Get Blood Test For Herpes

When To Talk With A Doctor

Understanding Herpes Testing

Talk with a doctor if you notice any sores on or around your genitals. Other STIs, like syphilis, can look like herpes but need different treatment. Treatment is needed to prevent complications and transmission.

Your doctor will let you know whether you should test for herpes or another STI, and they can help you get treatment if needed.

There Are Two Common Blood Tests Used To Identify Herpes And Theyre Often Misleading

I had a patient once who underwent this test, which was positive, and was told she has herpes, which to her was devastating and life-altering, Friedman says. She burst into tears when I explained the significance or lack thereof with this test, which is very misleading. There are two common blood tests used to identify herpes: IgG and IgM. The IgM test is still used by some doctors even though it has been denounced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . According to the American Sexual Health Association , IgM tests can lead to deceptive results, as well as false assumptions about how and when a person acquired HSV.

And thats not all: IgM tests fail to accurately distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibodies, leading them to provide false-positive results for HSV-2. In other words, if youve been exposed to oral herpes , results of the IgM test could lead you to believe youre positive for genital herpes, when in fact you simply have antibodies against HSV-1.

IgG tests, on the other hand, are more accurate, but arent without their own issues. For instance, ASHA says that while an IgG test can distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2, the problem is that the time it takes for IgG antibodies to reach a detectable level varies from person to person. This means that even with accurate results, someone could get a false-negative if they have the test administered too soon after contracting the virus .

How To Test For Herpes

If you suspect you have herpes, the first thing you should do is contact your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can examine your blisters or sores to check for herpes. If you do have an HSV infection, your healthcare provider may recommend a treatment plan for you.

The Center for Disease Control recommends a genital herpes test if you have symptoms of herpes or a sexual partner who has genital herpes . Note that some people have asymptomatic herpes and donât show symptoms, but the CDC does not recommend asymptomatic screening for herpes .

If you would like an easy at-home option to test for 6 other common STIs, try the Everlywell home STD Test for women or the STD Test for men which checks for chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis C, HIV, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Once your sample is received and analyzed at the lab, the test results are sent to you quickly and discreetly via our secure, online platform.

Recommended Reading: Where Does Herpes Virus Come From

How Test Accuracy Is Measure

The accuracy of all medical tests, including herpes tests, is measured based on two values: sensitivity and specificity.

Sensitivityis how often a test correctly identifies someone with a disease. A test that is 90% sensitive will correctly identify 90 people out of 100 who have the disease. Ten people will have a false-negative result.

Specificity, on the other hand, refers to a test’s ability to correctly identify someone who doesn’t have the disease. If a test is 90% specific, that means that 90 people out of 100 will be correctly diagnosed as not having a disease and that 10 people will have a false-positive result.

The higher the sensitivity and specificity, the lower the chances of a false result.

How Is The Test Used

Herpes Simplex Virus 1 &  2 Blood Test 5 Test Pack

Herpes testing may be used a few different ways:

  • Herpes simplex virus PCR testing or culture may be used to diagnose an active herpes infection if you have signs and symptoms, such as genital sores or encephalitis.
  • HSV PCR is the preferred test to diagnose newborns suspected of having neonatal herpes, a rare but serious condition in which herpes is contracted during vaginal birth.
  • HSV antibody testing may be used to determine whether you have been exposed to HSV in the past. This may be helpful in screening certain populations, such as potential organ transplant recipients. It may also be useful for pregnant women to help determine the risk of them passing an HSV-2 infection to their baby.
  • PCR and antibody testing may be used to distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections.
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend screening for herpes in the general population, but it may be helpful in some cases, such as:

    • If you have signs and symptoms, such as genital sores that may be related to herpes
    • If you have or had a sex partner with genital herpes
    • If you would like to have a complete exam for sexually transmitted diseases , especially if you have multiple sex partners if this is the case, you should discuss STD testing with your healthcare practitioner.

    Read Also: How Do You Not Spread Herpes

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing

    Several different tests are used to detect HIV, including lab testing, the rapid antibody screening test, the rapid antigen/antibody test and a self-test that uses oral fluid.

    Lab testing requires blood to be drawn from your vein. Your blood is then analyzed in a lab to detect either the genetic material of the virus, or specific HIV antigens and antibodies.

    It usually takes several days to receive the results from an HIV lab test.

    If youre tested for HIV with a rapid antibody screening test, or with a rapid antigen/antibody test, your results will typically be ready in under 30 minutes.

    If you test yourself for HIV using an oral fluid antibody self-test such as the OraQuick® In-Home HIV Test, youll receive results within 20 minutes.

    Right now, there are no tests that can accurately detect HIV immediately after infection. If youre worried that you may have been exposed to HIV, its important to seek medical help immediately and, if possible, use post-exposure prophylaxis .

    In order to undergo testing for HIV, youll need to wait for the window period to pass.

    The window period varies depending on the type of HIV test:

    When Should I Get Tested

    The best time to get tested for herpes if you havent had an initial outbreak is 12 days after exposure. This is because your body will have had time to produce antibodies that can be detected on a test.

    A blood test can determine whether you have these antibodies.

    Swabs, on the other hand, can detect the virus directly from an active herpes lesion.

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    Genital And Oral Herpes Testing

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    How To Diagnose Herpes

    Discontinuation of Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) IgM Testing

    Genital herpes is typically diagnosed through examination by a medical professional and a blood test. If you suspect you have genital herpes , you can take an antibody test.

    To test for 6 other common STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis C, HIV, syphilis, and trichomoniasis, try the Everlywell home STD Test for women or the STD Test for men. After you collect your sample at home, it is received and analyzed at the lab, and the test results are sent to you quickly and discreetly via our secure, online platform.

    Recommended Reading: Best Medicine To Prevent Herpes Outbreak

    Will I Have To Pay For The Test Out Of Pocket

    Youll have to check with your insurance network to see whether at-home STI tests are covered.

    Insurance does typically cover them, but sites like Everlywell recommend verifying the purchase with your insurance.

    Additionally, some networks may reimburse you for your purchase.

    However, most at-home testing sites arent currently partnered with any insurance companies, which means youll have to reach out yourself.

    If you dont have insurance, youll likely have to pay for the test out of pocket. Some sites like Priority STD dont accept insurance, so its a flat rate of $99 regardless of your coverage.

    Useful Methods Include Testing An Actual Lesion

    Keep in mind that thereâs no such thing as âsafeâ sex, only safer sex, which means using protection and being open and honest with your partner. âIt can definitely happen,â Friedman says of the chances of transmitting the virus to a partner without a visible outbreak. âIts called asymptotic shedding there are studies showing that the rates of transmission of HSV-2 are the same for symptomatic and asymptomatic.â He adds that this is why using protection during sexual contact is so important, regardless of what blood tests say. Unfortunately, you can never ensure your risk of transmission will be zero, whether or not you know you have herpes, but using a condom or dental dam will get you closer to it.

    Like Hutcherson, Friedman also doesnât recommend blood tests for herpes in the absence of symptoms. âThe tests that are useful involve sampling the actual blister or cold sore,â he says, which can involve smearing scrapes of skin cells from the sore onto a slide, targeting the infected cells. As with some of the blood tests, though, this sampling test still wonât tell you what type of herpes virus is present. A viral culture, on the other hand, will tell you which virus you have, though it takes some time to come back. âDirect fluorescent antibody is by far the best,â Friedman says, âas you can get a result in a matter of hours which can be as useful as a culture.â Not all hospitals have access to this method, however.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Herpes

    Most people with herpes will not have any signs or symptoms that they have been infected. However, there are certain signs and symptoms that may indicate that a person has been infected with herpes. Possible symptoms for women:

    • Burning or pain when you urinate
    • Pain in your lower belly

    Possible symptoms for men:

    • Burning or pain when you urinate

    When Should I Talk With A Doctor

    Herpes Simplex I/II Urine Test

    If you have a primary care doctor who you regularly visit, you can share your results with them to provide better insight into your next steps.

    If you dont have a primary care doctor, you can consult with a physician or nurse from the testing site about treatment options.

    If youve been treating your symptoms with medication and are still in pain or discomfort, reach out to a healthcare professional.

    Also Check: How Long Does It Take To Get Herpes Test Results

    How Long Does It Take For Symptoms Of Herpes To Appear

    It generally takes anywhere from 4 to 7 days for herpes symptoms to appear. Both genital and oral herpes outbreaks have similar symptoms.

    The primary symptom of a herpes outbreak is sores that resemble blisters, called herpes lesions, on the mouth or genitals.

    In addition, people may also experience the following symptoms prior to the outbreak:

    • pain and redness, especially around the area the outbreak will occur
    • itching and tingling, primarily in the outbreak area
    • flu-like symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, or swollen lymph nodes

    Most of the symptoms that occur before an outbreak indicate that the virus is replicating. Symptoms are usually the worst during the first herpes outbreak.

    According to the

    Some people with the herpes virus are asymptomatic, which means that they dont experience any physical symptoms of the disease. This doesnt mean that they cant spread the disease, however.

    Anyone who has the herpes virus, whether symptomatic or not, can spread the virus to others.

    If you have the herpes virus and your body has produced antibodies, it can be detected on a blood test, even if you have no symptoms. The only time the virus might not be detected on a test is if youve been tested too early.

    Best Affordable Herpes Test: Healthlabs

    HealthLabs offers laboratory-based herpes tests. These may be the best option for people who do not have health insurance and those working with small budgets.

    Collection method
    does not require appointments and accepts walk-ins
    Con requires a visit to a laboratory for a healthcare professional to collect the sample

    After placing an order, the person receives a laboratory requisition form, which they need to print out and present at a laboratory. The company claims it has 4,500 laboratory locations, and individuals should receive their test results within 23 business days.

    HealthLabs has three herpes tests available for purchase:

    • a test for HSV-1, which costs $45
    • a test for HSV-2, which costs $45
    • a test for HSV-1 and HSV-2, which costs $79

    People may also order at-home tests for other STIs, including gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV.

    offers tests for early detection of herpes
    Con requires a visit to a laboratory

    To order either herpes test, a person must access the company website and enter their ZIP code to find their nearest testing center.

    The company claims it has over 4,000 private test centers across the United States.

    After ordering the herpes test, a person can walk into their local center to receive the testing. An appointment is not necessary.

    The test procedure involves a simple blood test and urine sample, which typically takes a matter of minutes. A person can expect to receive their online test results within 13 days.

    Read Also: Can You Get Herpes Without Having Sex

    Best Convenient Herpes Test: Mylab Box

    People can order at-home herpes tests from MyLAB Box. These kits contain instructions, a specimen bag, and a prepaid return envelope. Users may find this test convenient because of its quick turnaround for results and the option to book a free consultation and get treatment.

    Collection method
    doctor may prescribe treatment if test results are positive
    Con only tests for HSV-2

    Once a person receives their collection kit, they can collect their sample using the instructions. They can then use the prepaid envelope to send it to the laboratory.

    People should receive their results within 25 days. If the test is positive, they can book a free consultation with a doctor to discuss their results and treatment options. The doctor may then prescribe treatment.

    This at-home test only works for people who wish to test for genital herpes. The company does not offer test kits for oral herpes.

    The kit costs $89 as a stand-alone test, but the company also markets other kits that test for different infections. For example, if a person also wishes to test for other STIs, they can purchase the Total Box 14 Panel option or the Uber Box 8 Panel option.

    Blood Tests For Herpes

    Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of herpes | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

    There are two sorts of blood tests for herpes

    Sort Particular Herpes Blood Tests Sort particular herpes blood tests search for not just whether you have antibodies against a herpes infection, yet additionally for whether the antibodies are against HSV-1 or HSV-2. Sort particular testing wont reveal to you where your herpes contamination is situated in your body.

    General Herpes Blood Tests General herpes blood tests search just for whether you have antibodies against herpes, and they dont indicate whether you have antibodies to HSV-1 or HSV-2.

    There are a few distinct brands of blood tests that are utilized to identify viral proteins, and there are upsides and downsides of each. It is hard to know to what extent it takes for blood tests to wind up positive after contamination with HSV-1. The middle time from the beginning of side effects to a positive HSV-2 blood test is as per the following

    • HerpeSelect ELISA: 3 to about a month
    • Western Blotch: 3 to a half year
    • Kalon ELISA: 120 days
    • Center ELISA: 21 days

    So, fortunately, the answer to the question can blood test detect herpes? Is yes. Visit your nearest doctor in case you have any sort of irritation related to your secret body parts now!! Get a blood test done and, and know your desired treatment.

    Medically Reviewed By

    Don’t Miss: How To Avoid Spreading Herpes

    I Tested Positive For Herpes What Should I Do Now

    For most people, having herpes does not affect their health or quality of life. To prevent passing on cold sores and genital herpes to others, a person can:

    • avoid kissing others when the virus is active
    • use condoms when having sex
    • avoid skin-to-skin contact during an active outbreak
    • avoid sharing towels, toothbrushes, and lipstick when they have sores around the mouth
    • wash their hands well after touching a sore

    Having multiple sexual partners can increase the risk of

    transmitting STIs such as herpes. People can decrease this risk by openly discussing STI status and prevention with any partners and practicing safe sex.

    It is

    Whens The Right Time To Get Tested For Stds

    STDs have different incubation periods. People react differently to STDs, with some people able to produce antibodies as early as a few days after exposure. To get reliable results, youll want to get tested after these incubation periods:

    • chlamydia : 7 to 21 days
    • gonorrhea : 1 to 14 days
    • syphilis: 3 weeks to 20 years
    • hepatitis A: 15 to 50 days
    • hepatitis B: 60 to 150 days
    • hepatitis C: 2 to 26 weeks
    • oral herpes: 2 to 12 days
    • genital herpes: 2 to 12 days
    • HPV: 1 month to 10 years

    trichomoniasis: 5 to 28 days

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