Friday, January 27, 2023

Is Hiv And Herpes The Same

First A Primer On Herpes Zoster

Antivirals | HIV, Hepatitis, Influenza, Herpes Treatment

Herpes zoster is another word for shingles, i.e. an outbreak of a rash or blisters on the skin. Itâs triggered by the same virus that causes chickenpox, the varicella-zoster virus, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke says. For the record: This is not the same thing as genital herpes or oral herpes those two conditions are caused by different herpes viruses.

Early Symptoms Of Hiv & Std

If you have any of the following symptoms, walk in to any of our locations throughout Long Island, upstate New York or NYC for STD testing and treatment.
Symptoms of STDs in Women
In women, symptoms of common STDs may include pain or burning during urination, abnormal vaginal discharge, bloody vaginal discharge, pain in the abdomen, spotting, itching, blisters, fever, swollen glands, open sores, and warts. Some STDs, like chlamydia, and gonorrhea cause no symptoms. If your sexual partner has been diagnosed with an STD, testing yourself is vital to prevent complications such as infertility and certain types of cancer.
Symptoms of STDs in Men
Men with STDs may experience discharge from the urethra, pain during urination, inflammation of the testicles or prostate, fever, or sores. Untreated STDs put you at risk for organ failure, infertility, and even brain damage. If you have an STD, your sexual partners are at risk of transmission, so the only way to protect them is to refrain from sexual activity until diagnosis and treatment are completed.

Will Treating Someone For Stds Prevent Them From Getting Hiv

No. Its not enough. Screening for STDs can help assess a persons risk for getting HIV. Treatment of STDs is important to prevent the complications of those infections, and to prevent transmission to partners, but it should not be expected to prevent spread of HIV.

If someone is HIV-positive and is diagnosed with an STD, they should receive counseling about risk reduction and how to protect their sex partner from getting re-infected with the same STD or getting HIV.

Health care providers with STD consultation requests can contact the STD Clinical Consultation Network . This service is provided by the National Network of STD Clinical Prevention Training Centers and operates five days a week. STDCCN is convenient, simple, and free to health care providers and clinicians. More information is available at www.stdccn.orgexternal icon.

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What Else Can Be Mistaken For Hpv And Herpes

Noticing any sort of bump, rash, or blemish on or around the genitals can have you thinking and fearing the worst. And while weve discussed herpes and genital warts at length, there are actually several other possible explanations for unusual appearances in the nether region. And most are completely harmless and nothing to get worked up about. Conditions such as ingrown hairs, razor burn, cysts, skin tags, folliculitis, and angioma can all cause odd bumps or discolorations on or near the genitals. And if youre ever unsure, its always worth discussing with your physician.

Treating The Symptoms Of Hpv

HIV

Most cases of HPV dont require any treatment. The virus will go away on its own in many people. However, there are treatment options available for treating the symptoms of HPV.

Genital warts from HPV may occasionally go away without medication. Sometimes, medications are used to help lessen the effects of the warts. These include:

Your doctor may also apply trichloroacetic acid or bicloroacetic acid, or cryotherapy to help treat genital warts.

Sometimes a doctor will remove the warts, though this removes the wart not the virus itself. If a high-risk HPV is found, your doctor may monitor you to ensure that cancer doesnt occur, or is caught early.

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Inflammatory Factors Were Highly Elevated In Dual Hsv

Figure 3. Inflammatory pathways were highly activated in HSV/HIV exposed DCs on the mRNA transcription. Dendritic cells were exposed to free HSV-2 or complement opsonized virus for 2 h then infected with HIV or complement opsonized HIV for 22 h. Heat map over inflammatory factors significantly up or down regulated in one or several of the HIV, CHIV, HSV-2/HIV, or CHSV-2/CHIV DC groups compare to mock treated DCs from the RNA seq mRNA expression levels of IL-1, TNF, CCL3, CXCL8 were determined by PCR. Data were normalized to mock set as 1. Protein levels of secreted cytokines were assessed with ELISA for TNF and cytokine bead array for IL-1, CCL5, and CXCL10. Level of MAPK p38 phosphorylation was assessed in lysates from DCs exposed to HSV-2 or CHSV-2 for 2 h followed by HIV or CHIV exposure for 4 h by phosphoprotein bead array. *p< 0.05 **p< 0.005 ***p< 0.0005. N =58.

Aphthous Ulcers Or Canker Sores

Canker sores are common mouth lesions that can cause pain, especially because they dont go away on their own. Theyre usually red, but can also be covered with a gray or yellow film. Canker sores are also known as aphthous ulcers.

They tend to develop inside the cheeks, inside the lips, and around the tongue. These locations may make the sores feel more painful because they move when a person speaks or eats.

Canker sores arent a symptom of HIV, but having HIV can increase the risk for recurring and severe sores. Other factors that can cause canker sores include stress, acidic foods, and mineral deficiencies that include:

Eating hot or spicy foods can also lead to increased pain from canker sores.

Treatment: In mild cases, over-the-counter creams and mouthwashes can reduce inflammation and sores. Canker sores can also be treated with salt water.

If someone has a severe case of canker sores, they may be prescribed corticosteroids in pill form. For cases of prolonged sores that interfere with meals, try topical anesthetic sprays. These can help numb the area.

Contagious? No.

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Genital Herpes And Hiv Treatment Issues

It’s more difficult to treat genital herpes if you also have HIV. Higher doses of antiviral drugs are often needed to treat herpes in people with HIV. Also, many people with HIV have strains of the herpes virus that are resistant to treatment with the standard antiviral drugs.

If you take antiviral drugs for genital herpes and the treatment isn’t working, your doctor can test the virus you have for resistance. If the virus is resistant, there are other possible treatment alternatives, including the drugs Foscarnet and cidofovir.

If you have HIV, ask your doctor if you should be tested for genital herpes. If you already know that you have herpes and HIV, discuss treatment options with your doctor.

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Does Medicare Cover At

Gene editing for cure of persistent viral infections

Medicare does not cover at-home herpes tests. Medicare does not cover herpes testing at all, although it will cover testing for other STDs. It is possible that some at-home herpes tests can be covered by private insurance, and Nurx.com accepts Medicaid but only in three states . People who want to try to have their herpes test covered by insurance may be easier to go to their doctor or local STD clinic. Planned Parenthood and other Title X clinics may also offer free or low-cost STD testing, including testing for herpes. However, insurance coverage of herpes testing may be limited to people who have symptoms.

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Does Treating Stds Prevent Hiv

Not by itself. Given the close link between STDs and HIV in many studies, it seems obvious that treating STDs should reduce the risk of HIV. However, most studies that have treated STDs to prevent HIV have not lowered the risk of HIV.6, 15-23

Screening for STDs can help assess a persons risk for getting HIV. Treatment of STDs is important to prevent the complications of those infections, and to prevent transmission to partners, but it should not be expected to prevent spread of HIV.

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Im Pregnant How Could Genital Herpes Affect My Baby

If you are pregnant and have genital herpes, it is very important for you to go to prenatal care visits. Tell your doctor if you have ever had symptoms of, or have been diagnosed with, genital herpes. Also tell your doctor if you have ever been exposed to genital herpes. There is some research that suggests that genital herpes infection may lead to miscarriage, or could make it more likely for you to deliver your baby too early.

Herpes infection can be passed from you to your unborn child before birth but is more commonly passed to your infant during delivery. This can lead to a potentially deadly infection in your baby . It is important that you avoid getting herpes during pregnancy. If you are pregnant and have genital herpes, you may be offered anti-herpes medicine towards the end of your pregnancy. This medicine may reduce your risk of having signs or symptoms of genital herpes at the time of delivery. At the time of delivery, your doctor should carefully examine you for herpes sores. If you have herpes symptoms at delivery, a C-section is usually performed.

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How Do You Treat Herpes

Theres no cure for herpes, but prescription medications can ease symptoms, end outbreaks sooner, and lower the chances of passing the virus to other people.

You can also help ease the pain caused by herpes outbreaks by taking a warm bath, wearing loose clothing and putting an ice pack on the sores.

Hiv And Stds Are Spread In The Same Ways

Aids Baby With Herpes Photograph by Dr M.a. Ansary/science Photo Library

You can get HIV or an STD by having sex without a condom with a person who is already infected. HIV and some STDs can be passed from a mother to her baby while she is pregnant, during birth or through breast feeding. HIV and some STDs can also be spread by sharing drug works with someone who has HIV or an STD.

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What Are The Types Of Herpes Viruses

Herpes is a group of contagious viruses that cause blisters and sores. Some of the more common herpes viruses include:

  • Type 1: HSV-1, or oral herpes, causes cold sores to form on your lips, gums, tongue and inside of your mouth. It can cause genital herpes in some cases. This type usually spreads through saliva when you kiss someone with open herpes sores. You can also get HSV-1 by sharing items like toothbrushes, lipsticks or eating utensils.
  • Type 2: HSV-2 causes genital herpes.
  • Herpes zoster: This virus causes chickenpox and shingles.

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Oral And Genital Herpes

There are two main types of herpes virus, HSV 1 and 2. There are also two places that herpes can affect: your mouth/lips and your genital/anal area .

Oral herpes causes tingling or painful fluid-filled blisters on the edge of the lip where it meets the skin of the face . These can occasionally develop on the nostrils, on the gums or on the roof of the mouth.

HSV 1 is most commonly associated with oral herpes, while HSV 2 is most commonly associated with genital herpes. But both viruses can cause either genital or oral herpes, and HSV 1 is now the leading cause of genital herpes in the UK.

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How Do You Prevent Hpv Vs Herpes

The methods of preventing HPV vs herpes can vary as well. The best way to prevent HPV is to get the HPV vaccine. Its recommended that children get their first of two vaccine doses around age 11 or 12 . The vaccine has been proven to be safe and effective with only minor and temporary side effects possible . If you werent vaccinated as a child, you can get a vaccine up until the age of 26 with no issues. Adults between the ages of 27 and 45 should consult with their physician prior to getting the vaccine.

Unfortunately no such vaccine exists for HSV/herpes. To minimize the spread of herpes, youll want to be extremely mindful of who you are kissing and with whom you are engaging in sexual acts.

Condoms and other safe sex practices can help prevent the spread of both HSV and herpes but will not eliminate the risk entirely. Since both viruses are spread by skin-to-skin contact, birth control measures such as pills or IUDs are ineffective in preventing their spread.

Can I Still Have Sex If I Have Herpes

Disseminated Herpes Zoster Infection in an HIV Patient

If you have herpes, you should talk to your sex partner and let him or her know that you do and the risk involved. Using condoms may help lower this risk but it will not get rid of the risk completely. Having sores or other symptoms of herpes can increase your risk of spreading the disease. Even if you do not have any symptoms, you can still infect your sex partners.

You may have concerns about how genital herpes will impact your overall health, sex life, and relationships. It is best for you to talk to a health care provider about those concerns, but it also is important to recognize that while herpes is not curable, it can be managed with medication. Daily suppressive therapy for herpes can also lower your risk of spreading genital herpes to your sex partner. Be sure to discuss treatment options with your healthcare provider. Since a genital herpes diagnosis may affect how you will feel about current or future sexual relationships, it is important to understand how to talk to sexual partners about STDsexternal icon.

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How Is Hsv Transmitted

HSV infections are passed from person to person by direct contact with an infected area. You donât have to have an open HSV sore to spread the infection!

Also, most people with HSV donât know that they are infected and arenât aware that they could be spreading it. In fact, in the US only about 9% of people with HSV2 infection knew that they had it.

When To Get Tested

  • When you have symptoms of an eye, oral or genital herpes infection, which are usually accompanied by a rash consisting of small blisters or sores itching or tingling in the affected area is common.
  • When you have certain risk factors, such as having a sex partner with herpes
  • When you have symptoms of viral meningitis such as fever, persistent headache, stiff neck
  • A pregnant woman who has been diagnosed with herpes may be monitored regularly prior to delivery.
  • A newborn from a mother who has active blisters may be tested soon after delivery to assess the risk of transmission from mother to baby during delivery.
  • A newborn may also be tested soon after delivery when the baby shows signs of HSV infection, such as meningitis or skin lesions that could be caused by the herpes virus.
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    Can Genital Herpes Be Treated

    Your physician can prescribe different medications to help reduce your symptoms and speed up the healing of an outbreak. These medicines work best when you start them soon after an outbreak occurs.

    To reduce pain during an outbreak:

    • Sit in warm water in a portable bath or bathtub for about 20 minutes. Avoid bubble baths.
    • Keep your genital area clean and dry, and avoid tight clothes.
    • Take over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Avoid aspirin.

    Let your physician know if you are worried about your genital herpes. He or she can recommend a support group to help you cope with the virus.

    What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

    Shingles and HIV: What is the link?

    You may want to ask your healthcare provider:

    • What is the best treatment for me?
    • What are the side effects of antiviral medications?
    • How can I reduce the risk of future outbreaks?
    • Whats the best way to prevent getting another STI?
    • How can I protect my partner from getting genital herpes?
    • Should I look out for signs of complications?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Millions of people are living with the herpes virus that causes genital herpes. Its a common STI. You shouldnt be embarrassed or put off seeking medical care if you develop symptoms. Treatments can ease symptoms, reduce outbreaks and protect sexual partners from infection. Having the virus shouldnt affect your relationships or sexual health. However, you do need to tell your sexual partners that you have the virus. Your healthcare provider can discuss ways to prevent spreading this STI.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/23/2020.

    References

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    The Compound Effect Of Genital Herpes And Hiv

    HIV and the genital herpes virus are a troublesome duo. One can worsen the effects of the other. Research shows that when the herpes virus is active, it may cause HIV to make more copies of itself than it would otherwise. The more HIV replicates, the more of the body’s infection-fighting cells it destroys, eventually leading to AIDS .

    People infected with both HIV and the herpes virus may have longer-lasting, more frequent, and more severe outbreaks of herpes symptoms, because a weakened immune system can’t keep the herpes virus under control as well as a healthy immune system can.

    Can I Get Genital Herpes More Than Once

    There isnt a cure for HSV-2, the virus that causes genital herpes. Infections can come back . Recurring symptoms are usually milder than the first outbreak. Symptoms dont last as long with later outbreaks. Some people may only have one or two outbreaks during their lifetime. Others may have as many as four or five outbreaks a year.

    After infection, the virus moves from skin cells to nerve cells. In the nerve cells, it becomes inactive . Certain things may reactivate the virus, such as:

    • Illness or fever.

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