Thursday, November 24, 2022

How To Get Tested For Herpes 1 And 2

When To Get Tested

Understanding Herpes Testing
  • When you have symptoms of an eye, oral or genital herpes infection, which are usually accompanied by a rash consisting of small blisters or sores itching or tingling in the affected area is common.
  • When you have certain risk factors, such as having a sex partner with herpes
  • When you have symptoms of viral meningitis such as fever, persistent headache, stiff neck
  • A pregnant woman who has been diagnosed with herpes may be monitored regularly prior to delivery.
  • A newborn from a mother who has active blisters may be tested soon after delivery to assess the risk of transmission from mother to baby during delivery.
  • A newborn may also be tested soon after delivery when the baby shows signs of HSV infection, such as meningitis or skin lesions that could be caused by the herpes virus.
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    If You Get A Positive Result Dont Panic It Really Doesnt Mean Much

    All of this is to say that unless you have symptoms consistent with the herpes virus, why put yourself through the emotional turmoil of getting a blood test that may or may not give you legit results? As Hutcherson notes, if you do get a blood test and it comes back positive but youre asymptomatic, what does that mean for you if you have nothing to treat? For many, due to the high rate of stigma still surrounding herpes, it can mean feelings of self-contempt, humiliation, and distress, all of which could be avoided if you arent experiencing any symptoms.

    To recap, while there are some tests for herpes that can prove correct, none are 100 percent perfect, and blood tests are particularly problematic since they can produce false positives and negatives. We also know that the majority of the population has some form of herpes, so IMO its a mystery as to why were still making a big deal out of it. No one likes blisters or sores, but neither does anyone love having acne, a widespread condition without the same level of attached shame.

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    How To Read Your Results

    Your HSV test results will likely be reported as negative or positive :

    • Negative. The herpes virus was not found. However, you may still have an HSV infection if your results were negative. It may mean the sample didnt have enough virus to be detected. If you still have symptoms of herpes, you may need to order another test.
    • Positive. HSV was found in your sample. It may mean you have an active infection or contracted the virus in the past .

    If your test results are positive for HSV, talk with a doctor about your next steps.

    Also Check: How To Know If I Have Herpes Or Not

    Reliability And Choosing A Home Test

    People who are considering buying a home test may wish to seek advice from a pharmacist on which test is likely to be best for them. The pharmacist may also be able to show them how to collect the sample at home to prevent inaccuracies.

    People who are looking for an at-home herpes test should consider the following before making a purchase:

    • Clear information: The company should offer all the information that a person needs for testing, including clear and complete instructions.
    • Consultations: Some companies offer consultations for people who wish to discuss their sexual health concerns, particularly if they receive a positive result.
    • Treatment plan: Online providers may suggest further testing or treatment depending on the individuals results and concerns.
    • Certified laboratories: Some companies work with laboratories with

    Anyone who has sexual contact with someone who has received a herpes diagnosis should contact a doctor as soon as possible.

    People who have received a positive test result may also wish to consider seeking medical advice.

    Currently, herpes is not curable, but doctors can prescribe medications to reduce the frequency and severity of the symptoms. This may help lower the chance of the infection spreading to other individuals.

    Below are some common questions about at-home herpes tests.

    Where Can I Get Tested For Herpes

    Herpes Simplex I/II Urine Test

    You can get tested for herpes and other STDs at your doctors office, a community health clinic, the health department, or your local Planned Parenthood health center.

    STD testing isnt usually part of your regular checkup or gynecologist exam you have to ask for it. Be honest with your nurse or doctor so they can help you figure out which tests are best for you. Dont be embarrassed: Your doctor is here to help you, not to judge you.

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    There Are Two Common Blood Tests Used To Identify Herpes And They’re Often Misleading

    “I had a patient once who underwent this test, which was positive, and was told she has herpes, which to her was devastating and life-altering,” Friedman says. “She burst into tears when I explained the significance or lack thereof with this test, which is very misleading.” There are two common blood tests used to identify herpes: IgG and IgM. The IgM test is still used by some doctors even though it has been denounced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . According to the American Sexual Health Association , IgM tests can lead to deceptive results, as well as false assumptions about how and when a person acquired HSV.

    And that’s not all: IgM tests fail to accurately distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibodies, leading them to provide false-positive results for HSV-2. In other words, if you’ve been exposed to oral herpes , results of the IgM test could lead you to believe you’re positive for genital herpes, when in fact you simply have antibodies against HSV-1.

    IgG tests, on the other hand, are more accurate, but aren’t without their own issues. For instance, ASHA says that while an IgG test can distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2, the problem is that the time it takes for IgG antibodies to reach a detectable level varies from person to person. This means that even with accurate results, someone could get a false-negative if they have the test administered too soon after contracting the virus .

    Best Affordable Herpes Test: Healthlabs

    HealthLabs offers laboratory-based herpes tests. These may be the best option for people who do not have health insurance and those working with small budgets.

    Collection method
    does not require appointments and accepts walk-ins
    Con requires a visit to a laboratory for a healthcare professional to collect the sample

    After placing an order, the person receives a laboratory requisition form, which they need to print out and present at a laboratory. The company claims it has 4,500 laboratory locations, and individuals should receive their test results within 23 business days.

    HealthLabs has three herpes tests available for purchase:

    • a test for HSV-1, which costs $45
    • a test for HSV-2, which costs $45
    • a test for HSV-1 and HSV-2, which costs $79

    People may also order at-home tests for other STIs, including gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV.

    offers tests for early detection of herpes
    Con requires a visit to a laboratory

    To order either herpes test, a person must access the company website and enter their ZIP code to find their nearest testing center.

    The company claims it has over 4,000 private test centers across the United States.

    After ordering the herpes test, a person can walk into their local center to receive the testing. An appointment is not necessary.

    The test procedure involves a simple blood test and urine sample, which typically takes a matter of minutes. A person can expect to receive their online test results within 13 days.

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    Best Sti Panel Test For Herpes: Everlywell

    Everlywell offers STI test panels for males and females. This test may be most suitable for people who want to test for a wide range of STIs.

    Collection method

    Once a person has purchased a test, they must register it on Everlywells website. They then need to post the collected samples with prepaid shipping.

    Everlywell states that people can receive their test results within 57 of posting the samples. However, several customer reviews on the companys website say they had to wait up to 2 weeks.

    The person receives digital and printable results. If they test positive for any STIs, they can connect with Everlywells network of independent physicians for advice and treatment.

    This test costs $149. However, people can subscribe for twice-yearly tests and save money per kit. They can also use their FSA or HSA to pay for this test.

    Treatment If The Blisters Come Back

    Herpes Simplex 1 & 2: Symptoms, Transmission and Treatment

    Go to a GP or sexual health clinic if you have been diagnosed with genital herpes and need treatment for an outbreak.

    Antiviral medicine may help shorten an outbreak by 1 or 2 days if you start taking it as soon as symptoms appear.

    But outbreaks usually settle by themselves, so you may not need treatment.

    Recurrent outbreaks are usually milder than the first episode of genital herpes.

    Over time, outbreaks tend to happen less often and be less severe. Some people never have outbreaks.

    Some people who have more than 6 outbreaks in a year may benefit from taking antiviral medicine for 6 to 12 months.

    If you still have outbreaks of genital herpes during this time, you may be referred to a specialist.

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    How Do People Get Genital Herpes

    Infections are transmitted through contact with HSV in herpes lesions, mucosal surfaces, genital secretions, or oral secretions. 5 HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be shed from normal-appearing oral or genital mucosa or skin. 7,8 Generally, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during genital contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection. However, receiving oral sex from a person with an oral HSV-1 infection can result in getting a genital HSV-1 infection. 4 Transmission commonly occurs from contact with an infected partner who does not have visible lesions and who may not know that he or she is infected. 7 In persons with asymptomatic HSV-2 infections, genital HSV shedding occurs on 10.2% of days, compared to 20.1% of days among those with symptomatic infections. 8

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    Is There Anything Else I Need To Know About An Hsv Test

    The best way to prevent genital herpes or another STD is to not have sex. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk of infection by

    • Being in a long-term relationship with one partner who has tested negative for STDs
    • Using condoms correctly every time you have sex

    If you’ve been diagnosed with genital herpes, condom use can reduce your risk of spreading the infection to others.

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    Heres Why Doctors Dont Usually Test For Herpes

    Its basically a SELF mantra at this point: Getting tested for sexually transmitted infections is hella important. Is it the most delightful way to spend your time? No. Is it a vital part of looking after your health, sexual and otherwise? Absolutely.

    When you go in for routine STI testing, you might realize that your doctor doesnt test you for herpes. Whats that about? As it turns out, testing for herpes isnt as straightforward as testing for something like chlamydia or gonorrhea. Here, doctors explain why herpes isnt usually included on STI panels.

    What Abnormal Results Mean

    Heres What You Need To Know About Cold Sores And Herpes

    A positive test means you have been infected with HSV recently or at some point in the past.

    Tests can be done to help determine if you have a recent infection.

    About 70% of adults have been infected by HSV-1 and have antibodies against the virus. About 20% to 50% of adults will have antibodies against the HSV-2 virus, which causes genital herpes.

    HSV stays in your system once you have been infected. It may be “asleep” , and cause no symptoms, or it may flare up and cause symptoms. This test cannot tell whether you are having a flare-up.

    Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Genital Herpes Quickly

    How We Chose The Best At

    When researching at-home herpes tests, we considered online reviews, privacy protocols, result times, result accuracy, and budget.

    We prioritized affordable pricing and accessibility to digital results. Additionally, we kept an eye on user ratings and reviews to ensure that most people received accurate results and were happy with their experience.

    How Does Herpes Simplex Spread

    Herpes spreads through close contact with a person who has the infection. The virus can be found in skin and saliva. If you have herpes simplex, you are most likely to pass the virus to another person when you have sores. But you can infect someone else even if you have no symptoms. Healthcare providers call this asymptomatic viral shedding.

    People may get HSV-1 through

    • Touching a persons skin near the mouth.
    • Sharing food utensils, lip balm or razors.
    • If you receive oral sex from someone who has a cold sore, it may spread a herpes infection to your genitals.

    People may get HSV-2 through

    • Oral sex with someone whos infected.
    • Skin-to-skin contact without ejaculation.
    • Touching open sores, including while breastfeeding.
    • Childbirth by a mother or gestational parent who has an active infection.

    You cant get genital herpes from objects like toilet seats. But you could pass genital herpes through shared sex toys.

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    How To Interpret Your Results

    Once you receive your results, it might seem overwhelming at first. But take the time to interpret your test results to have a full understanding of your status. The summary for your Herpes Test will most likely include the name of the test, a result, reference range and flag.

    The result indicates reactive, non-reactive, detected, not-detected or a value. If you see a value, this is a numerical measurement that is compared against the reference range to determine if the sample is normal or abnormal.

    The flag value will indicate whether your test came back normal or abnormal. Normal ranges indicate you are not infected and an abnormal result could mean a possible infection.

    For more detailed information, visit our Sample Test Results page to learn more about interpreting your results.

    What Do The Results Mean

    Herpes Simplex

    Your HSV test results will be given as negative, also called normal, or positive, also called abnormal.

    Negative/Normal. The herpes virus was not found. You may still have an HSV infection if your results were normal. It may mean the sample didn’t have enough of the virus to be detected. If you still have symptoms of herpes, you may need to get tested again.

    Positive/Abnormal. HSV was found in your sample. It may mean you have an active infection , or were infected in the past .

    If you tested positive for HSV, talk to your health care provider. While there is no cure for herpes, it hardly ever causes serious health problems. Some people may only have one outbreak of sores their whole lives, while others break out more often. If you want to reduce the severity and number of your outbreaks, your provider may prescribe a medicine that can help.

    Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.

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    Useful Methods Include Testing An Actual Lesion

    Keep in mind that thereâs no such thing as âsafeâ sex, only safer sex, which means using protection and being open and honest with your partner. âIt can definitely happen,â Friedman says of the chances of transmitting the virus to a partner without a visible outbreak. âIts called asymptotic shedding there are studies showing that the rates of transmission of HSV-2 are the same for symptomatic and asymptomatic.â He adds that this is why using protection during sexual contact is so important, regardless of what blood tests say. Unfortunately, you can never ensure your risk of transmission will be zero, whether or not you know you have herpes, but using a condom or dental dam will get you closer to it.

    Herpes Myths To Stop Freaking Out About

    A surprising number of people you know probably have herpes.

    Shocked? You shouldnt be, since the virus is very common. According to the World Health Organization, 3.7 billion people under age 50 have herpes simplex virus type 1 thats 67 percent of the global population in that age bracket. Another 417 million people between ages 15 and 49 worldwide have herpes simplex virus type 2 .

    Many people consider HSV-1 more benign, but it turns out theres not much difference between the two types of virus. While its true that HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted disease and can cause genital sores or blisters, type 1 can do the same thing.

    One big misconception is that cold sores are caused by HSV-1 and genital herpes are always type 2, but thats not always the case, says Sarah Vensel, a physician assistant in San Francisco. Cold sores are so common theyve been normalized at this point. But genital herpes is sometimes the exact same virus just in a different location.

    Not only is herpes incredibly common its also totally manageable. Allow us to set your mind at ease and debunk three widespread herpes myths:

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    Wouldnt Testing Everyone Stop The Spread Of Genital Herpes

    We dont know. There is no evidence that diagnosing genital herpes with a blood test in someone without symptoms would change their sexual behavior and stop the virus from spreading. In addition, without knowing the benefits of testing, the risk of shaming and stigmatizing people outweighs the potential benefits. For these reasons, testing everyone for herpes is not recommended at this time.

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