Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
Herpes simplex virus type 2 spreads through sexual contact and is a type of sexually transmitted infection .
Both types of HSV develop as a result of direct contact with the virus.
HSV-1 most commonly spreads through oral-to-oral contact, which can be with sores, saliva, or the area around the mouth. Transmission may also occur due to sharing lip balm, a toothbrush, or any other product that has come into contact with HSV.
People have a much higher risk of contracting HSV-1 if they come into contact with someone who has an active outbreak of symptoms. In some cases, it is also possible for people to transmit HSV-1 during sexual activity.
Transmission of HSV-2
For Disinfecting At Home: How To Clean Everything Else
Heres how to disinfect surfaces in your home with alcohol-based products:
Herpes And Newborn Infants
Herpes infection in a newborn can cause a range of symptoms, including skin rash, fevers, mouth sores, and eye infections. If left untreated, neonatal herpes is a very serious and even life-threatening condition. Neonatal herpes can spread to the brain and central nervous system, causing encephalitis and meningitis. It also can lead to intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, and death. Herpes can also spread to internal organs, such as the liver and lungs.
Infants infected with herpes are treated with acyclovir, an antiviral drug. They usually receive several weeks of intravenous acyclovir treatment, often followed by several months of oral acyclovir. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs.
Read Also: Can You Spread Genital Herpes To Yourself
How To Use Alcohol On The Skin
There are two ways to use alcohol on the skin to kill viruses. The first is using alcohol-based hand sanitizer gel. People can use this by applying some gel to the palms and rubbing all over the hands, including between the fingers. Then, wait until it dries.
Doctors no longer recommend that people use rubbing alcohol to clean wounds, as it can further damage tissue. Instead, a person can rinse the wound under running tap water for 510 minutes before soaking a gauze pad in saline solution or tap water and gently dabbing or wiping the skin with it. Alternatively, they can use an alcohol-free wipe.
While alcohol gels and sterilizing products effectively kill a number of potentially harmful microbes, they have some disadvantages.
How To Use Wipes Properly For The Best Effects
Did you know to successfully kill germs on the surface you are wiping, you shouldnt dry it straight after wiping? The surface or hands should stay visibly wet for a while. It could be anywhere from 15 seconds to 10 minutes. The amount of time depends on the products ingredients and what germs you are trying to kill. Usually the wipes label will include directions. You can search by the products registration number to find out more on the EPA website.Most wipes can clean and disinfect, but if the surface is really dirty you should really clean it before sanitising it for best results. A lot of dirt and grime can make it hard for disinfectants to do their job. You can clean surfaces properly with soapy water or another household cleaner before disinfecting.Most wipes arent made for soft surfaces like carpet or fabric. The reason for this is fabrics or textiles suck up moisture from the wipe. This means they dont stay wet long enough for the chemicals to work in killing germs. Wipes work well on hard, nonporous things like plastic and stainless steel. These type of surfaces are where germs, including viruses like COVID-19, tend to stay around the longest.
Recommended Reading: How Long Does Initial Herpes Outbreak Last
What Are The Clinical Signs Of Fvr Infection
The typical symptoms of FVR involve the nose, throat and eyes, and include sneezing, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis , excessive blinking, squinting and discharges from the eyes and nose that range from clear and watery to thick and purulent .
The virus may also cause keratitis.
The virus may also cause keratitis, or inflammation and infection of the cornea, leading to corneal ulcers . In chronic or severe infections, the keratitis can lead to corneal scarring or chronic dry eye . See handout âKeratoconjunctivitis Sicca or Dry Eye in Catsâ for more information on this condition.
Other non-specific symptoms may include fever, lethargy, anorexia , and enlarged lymph nodes.
You May Like: What Medicine Prevents Herpes Outbreaks
What Causes Herpes Simplex
Herpes simplex is caused by one of two types of herpes simplex virus , members of the Herpesvirales family of double-stranded DNA viruses.
- Type 1 HSV is mainly associated with oral and facial infections
- Type 2 HSV is mainly associated with genital and rectal infections
However, either virus can affect almost any area of skin or mucous membrane.
After the primary episode of infection, HSV resides in a latent state in spinal dorsal root nerves that supply sensation to the skin. During a recurrence, the virus follows the nerves onto the skin or mucous membranes, where it multiplies, causing the clinical lesion. After each attack and lifelong, it enters the resting state.
During an attack, the virus can be inoculated into new sites of skin, which can then develop blisters as well as the original site of infection.
Also Check: How Can I Get Tested For Genital Herpes
How To Get The Most Out Of Your Products
The primary difference between how you use these various kinds of wipes? Contact time aka how long the surface youre wiping down needs to remain wet to be effective, according to the EPA.
Before the coronavirus pandemic, you mightve had a pack of disinfectant wipes on hand to quickly wipe down the kitchen counter, bathroom sink, or toilet and thats totally fine. But a swift swipe across the surface is considered cleaning, not disinfecting.
To reap the disinfecting benefits of these wipes, the surface needs to stay wet for much longer than a few seconds. For example, the instructions for Lysol Disinfecting Wipes state that the surface needs to remain wet for four minutes after application to truly disinfect the area. That means, for full effectiveness, youre going to have to wipe down the counter and then may even need to use another cloth if you notice the area is starting to dry out before those four minutes are up, says Schaffner.
The instructions for many disinfectant wipes also say to rinse any surface that might touch food with water afterward. This is especially important if youre using these in your kitchen, as it implies that there may be some disinfectant residue leftover that you dont want to get into your food, says Schaffner.
Recommended Reading: How Do You Get Herpes 1
What Happens If I Dont Receive Treatment
Genital herpes can cause painful genital sores and can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems.
If you touch your sores or fluids from the sores, you may transfer herpes to another body part like your eyes. Do not touch the sores or fluids to avoid spreading herpes to another part of your body. If you do touch the sores or fluids, quickly wash your hands thoroughly to help avoid spreading the infection.
If you are pregnant, there can be problems for you and your unborn fetus, or newborn baby. See Im pregnant. How could genital herpes affect my baby? for information about this.
Don’t Miss: How Do I Know If I Got Herpes
How Will My Healthcare Provider Know If I Have Genital Herpes
Your healthcare provider may diagnose genital herpes by simply looking at any sores that are present. Providers can also take a sample from the sore and test it. If sores are not present, a blood test may be used to look for HSV antibodies.
Have an honest and open talk with your healthcare provider about herpes testing and other STDs.
Please note: A herpes blood test can help determine if you have herpes infection. It cannot tell you who gave you the infection or when you got the infection.
Treatment The First Time You Have Genital Herpes
You may be prescribed:
- antiviral medicine to stop the symptoms getting worse you need to start taking this within 5 days of the symptoms appearing
- cream for the pain
If you have had symptoms for more than 5 days before you go to a sexual health clinic, you can still get tested to find out the cause.
Don’t Miss: Best Way To Cure Herpes
Herbal Tea For Herpes
The treatment we offer is an effective herbal treatment to fight against herpes. It works equally well against cold sores and against genital herpes. It is true that herpes can stay in a persons body for a lifetime. But this remedy will make you forget that you have herpes. With our remedy, repeat recurrences over the year are over.
Also Check: Can I Find Love With Herpes
Herpes Causes And Risk Factors
Causes of herpes include acquiring the virus through sexual contact, coupled with immune system suppression and sometimes nutritional deficiencies.
HSV-1 is primarily transmitted by oral-oral contact. On the other hand, HSV-2 is considered a sexually transmitted disease and usually passed during oral or vaginal sex.
A scary finding is that more cases of genital herpes than ever before are now being caused by HSV-1 , and about 85 percent of people with genital herpes dont even know it. Studies show that about 50 percent of the new genital herpes infections in young adults are due to HSV-1 and about 40 percent in older adults. The fact that most people dont ever find out theyre infected is one of the reasons that transmission rates are steadily climbing.
Risk factors for acquiring herpes include:
Also Check: How Can Herpes Be Detected
Don’t Miss: How To Have Kids With Herpes
Can Immune System Kill Herpes Virus
The immune system cannot eliminate the virus of our body. For that reason it is necessary a treatment to fight it.
If this question had an affirmative answer, the question: does herpes cure itself?, should also have one, because the immune system would eliminate the virus without the need for treatment.
How To Disinfect Laundry Against The Herpes Virus
Wash your hands with soap and water after handling the dirty, potentially virus-contaminated laundry. You should also spray disinfectant spray in laundry baskets and on any surface exposed to dirty clothing .
If you have an active herpes infection, you may inadvertently transmit the virus to others who contact your dirty clothing or used, damp towels. You can also spread the infection to other areas of your body. Fortunately, the herpes virus can be killed via laundering clothing and other materials. Laundering clothing, towels, wash cloths and other items that have come into contact with you is very important during an outbreak.
Place a load of clothing and washable items in your washing machine. According to Chicago Help, you dont need to separate the contaminated clothes from other clothes as washing will destroy the virus.
Add laundry detergent and household bleach to the clothes, if the items are white and can handle bleach. For colored material, youll be safer using a quaternary disinfectant in the wash, according to the New Mexico State University Extension 1. One example of a quaternary disinfectant is Lysol.
Wash the clothing on the hot water setting. When the load is finished, dry the laundry in a clothes dryer on the highest heat setting, or outdoors in direct sunlight. All of the virus should be already dead after washing, but you can take this extra step of drying in high heat or sunlight for extra peace of mind.
Also Check: Can I Take Herpes Medication While Pregnant
Why Cant Hand Sanitiser Kill 100% Of Germs
Hand sanitiser is highly effective at killing harmful microorganisms, but its impossible for them to kill all the germs on your hands. Alcohol in hand gel kills germs by denaturing them , but hand gel is ineffective against some germs, like Norovirus. The same goes for other methods of killing cells: bleach, fire, and even radiation are effective at killing some microorganisms but not all.
Another reason hand gel claims to only kill 99.99% of germs is due to physical reach. The surface of your hands is not completely flat, there are many tiny crevices in the grooves of your skin, and pores from which hairs grow. The reason the HSE recommends handwashing with soap and water as the primary method of cleaning your hands is that doing so for the right amount of time allows soap to reach deep into the wrinkles of your skin.
In order to be transparent with consumers, companies cannot say their hand sanitiser kills 100% of germs so tests are conducted to determine exactly what percentage of bacteria can be eliminated with the use of a certain product, and then this is translated into a percentage.
In order to make the claim that hand gel can kill 99.999% of bacteria, a product must be tested and then reviewed and approved to conform to the EN1500 Standard, like Sterosan Hand Sanitiser.
Recommended Reading: How Soon Can I Get Tested For Herpes After Exposure
Is It Possible To Prevent Cold Sores
The best way to prevent a herpes simplex infection is to avoid physical contact with someone elses cold sores. Items that touch the lips but cannot be washed or sanitized, such as lipstick or lip balm, should not be shared. During an outbreak, frequent hand washing and sanitizing with 60% ethanol-based hand sanitizer will help reduce the spread of the virus to other parts of the body or to other people. Wash hands immediately after applying topical treatments to a cold sore. L-lysine and other supplements have not been shown to consistently reduce outbreaks.
To prevent future outbreaks,
- avoid long periods of time in the sun and use sunblock on lips and face,
- reduce stress by getting adequate rest and relaxation,
- avoid trauma to the mouth or involved area, and
- take any antiviral medication exactly as prescribed.
Read Also: Can You Get Herpes If You Wear Protection
A Cure For Herpes There Is Progress To Report
It takes a persistent scientist to stop a persistent virus.
A decade ago, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center virologist Dr. Keith Jerome began exploring the idea that lifelong infections with herpes viruses might be cured by using the DNA-cutting tools of gene therapy.
Initial research showed these techniques could knock out small quantities of latent virus, and the work of improving the results fell to Jeromeâs senior staff scientist, Dr. Martine Aubert. Five years ago, the team reported they had damaged the genes of 2%-4% of herpes virus in infected mice. Aubertâs work was an important proof of principle, but far short of a cure.
Nevertheless, she persisted.
On Aug. 18, the team led by Jerome and Aubert published a paper in Nature Communications showing that, through a series of incremental improvements on their original method, they had destroyed up to 95% of herpes virus lurking in certain nerve clusters of mice.
âThis is the first time that anybody has been able to go in and actually eliminate most of herpes in a body,â said Jerome, who is also spearheading research at Fred Hutch and the University of Washington on COVID-19. âIt is a completely different approach to herpes therapy than anybodyâs ever had before.â
If It Doesnt Cure You What Does Herpes Medication Do
If herpes medication doesnt cure you, what does it do? antivirals are important in helping you to manage your herpes outbreaks. Although they dont cure herpes, they can reduce the time that an outbreak lasts for, and make it less severe. Antivirals work to stop the virus from multiplying by blocking the enzyme that it uses to copy itself and spread to other cells.
What does herpes medication involve? antivirals can be used to treat an acute herpes infection and also as a suppression treatment to prevent future outbreaks. They are taken as tablets swallowed with water.
Can medication stop you from developing symptoms? yes. If you suffer six or more outbreaks a year, then you may wish to consider suppression therapy to prevent future herpes outbreaks. There are also some possible triggers, which you can avoid to help control your herpes.
Read Also: What Is The Cause Of Herpes On Lips
How To Prevent And Treat Herpes
Herpes isnt curable, according to Mount Sinai. But fortunately, its preventable and there are treatments to help ease outbreaks.
You can reduce the risk of catching or transmitting oral herpes by not sharing items that make contact with your mouth, like cups, utensils, toothbrushes and towels, according to Mount Sinai.
And you can decrease your risk for getting infected with genital herpes by taking the following precautions:
- Ask sexual partners to get regular STD checks
- Use a condom and/or dental dam during sex
- Use a water-based lubricant
- Limit your number of sexual partners
If you do develop herpes, visit your doctor to determine the best treatment for you. According to Mount Sinai, potential herpes remedies include:
- Prescription antiviral drugs or ointments
- Applying cool or warm compresses to irritated sores
- Taking over-the-counter pain medicine like ibuprofen to relieve any pain
Is Chlorine Good for Cold Sores?
While chlorine can kill the herpes virus, that doesnt mean its good to apply to a cold sore. Thats because swimming in water with high doses of the chemical can dry and irritate your skin, per the National Eczema Society, which may aggravate a sore.
Instead, follow your doctors instructions for how to best heal your cold sore.